Archive for March, 2012

Dialogue only on Freedom Agenda, Pakistan is an Occupier, Intervention Continuing Since 1948! HyrBeyar Marri & Khan Kalat
By Archen Baloch 30/03/2012 
Baloch national leader Waja HyrBeyar Marri said that there would be no dialogue on anything  except freedom, speaking in a private TV program, the patriotic Baloch leader said that foreign interference in Balochistan  started the day one when Pakistan occupied it! Pakistan is the occupier! On a desperate remark of the anchorperson  that Zardari would not give you 
 Freedom, HyrBeyar said that they would knock every door of international community for support, and pledge that every Baloch would work hard to regain the freedom! 
HyrBeyar Marri, exiled in London, said that the name of Islam is manipulated to serve morbid interests. He said that the attitude of Punjabi elite  has never been friendly, he added that Pakistani oligarch has always plundered and looted  Balochistan.
Waja Marri answering a question,  said that Pakistan was resorting to different type of diversionary excuses to justify its occupation over Balochistan! He rejected foreign intervention allegations and said that it was Pakistan as a foreign country  that has intervened and occupied Balochistan in 1948. Since than it has hardly left a stone unturned to loot and plunder Balochistan natural wealth! He said that the British had recognized Balochistan sovereignty.  According to historical documents of Baloch history, Baloch leader said that the international community has the right to  support Baloch freedom movement on humanitarian ground!
To a query about “modern Balochistan” outlook,  the secular Baloch patriotic leader said that  there would be no place for  Sardari system or Pakistani culture in modern Balochistan social organization! 
In the same TV program, the Khan of Kalat,  Sulaiman Daoud Khan was also interviewed, he said that Balochistan was under occupation, and added that M A Jinnah himself recognized Balochistan’s independent status as a Baloch sovereign state! He said that the governor and chief minister themselves admitted that they had even 5 percent no authority over Balochistan’s affairs! He said that it was Pak Army that was all and all in  Balochistan! 
The Respected khan  said that it was always Punjab and its army that spoiled the situation! He rejected the possibility of talk with Pakistani leadership saying that they were unworthy to talk with, as they are marred in corruption-such as Mehran Bank case and Memo-gate scandal. He optimistically said that Balochistan would be liberated soon by God willing!


“Ka Har Sok Rana Wazny Khu Khyal Au Fiker Rana Ma Wazna…

Ma Pa Dy K Khpal Watan Ta Loi Twan Ledalai Dae.”

 A Pashtun poet says in his actual words:”Kill everyone of us who you want to kill but don’t kill our thoughts and Ideology…

I have seen great destruction for my Motherland in this.”

 I present great humage to Baloch Martyrs.Baloch comrades don’t put your arms down,protect and preserve your ideology,don’t let your flag down because your destination is near and pray for us so that we could do the same.I present red salute to your movement and sacrifices.

By  Comrade A.F Mandokhail

The Greatest Muslims.

Posted: March 27, 2012 in Balochistan Articles

Here I do not tell you about  al-khulafā’ ar-rāshidūn, Khalid ibn al-Walid or about Nur ad-Din Zengi also not about Saladin ,Jābir ibn Hayyān (Geber), father of chemistryMuhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Algorismi) – father of algebra and algorithms,Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), 11th century Iraqi scientist, father of optics.Here I am going to tell you about those greatest Muslims ,Islam never had those kind of Muslims ever.They think that they are owner of Islam and greatest than all above one’s.

Some things about this nation,they think they are real owner of Islam.They belongs to purest land on this earth even more pure than Mecca and Madina ,according to them their leader is greatest ever Muslim leader QuaideAzam M.A Jinnah,QuaideAzam means greatest leader ever muslim had.Now I think you judge them easily.

According to them God has given them the right to kill,torture and rape anyone in the name of Islam.

In 1971 Pakistani army in the name of Islam almost killed 3 million peoples most of them were Muslims in East Pakistan now Bangladesh and raped 2 to 4 million females similarly most of them were Muslims.

God also gave them right to kill thousands of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon in era of General Zia-ul-Haq one of the real Mujahid of Islam.God also gave them right to sell their citizens for Dollar.

The greatest Islamic Republic Of Pakistan’s Interior Minister who got Pride of performance award few days ago even don’t know the basic Quranic verse Sura-e-Ikhlas but never mind they are loved one’s of God don’t need this at all,because God already forgiven their all sin’s.

The pure people of pure land also have right to have Heera Mandi “Diamond Market” in their heart Lahore for just enjoyment of their mujahids and shaheens.

They have also right to cheat anyone in the name of God,his Prophet(S.A.W.W) and his Book Holy Quran.

They have also right to held Baloch women in military torture cells and forced into sexual slavery.

According to them God has also given them the right to select  who is Muslim and who is not.So according to them Baloch are Infidels and enemy of Allah, his prophet and Islam,so they deserve to be killed and dumped.

Balochistan is given by God to Pakistan that’s why only Pakistan have right to use his resources and even Baloch have no right to use these resources.

According to them they have right to have US weapons and dollars but Baloch have no right to be discussed in United States House of Representatives.

These are just few properties of these greatest Muslims and in the end I request the purest people of purest land that we Baloch are not pure as you and we live in Balochistan which is land of Baloch not land of Pure separate us before that we may impure you.

By   Azad Baluch

سندھو دیش کے نعرے ہم تب تو روزانہ سنتے تھے جب اس تحریک کے بانی رہنما اور سندھ کی پاکستان سے جڑے تاریخ کی سب سے زیادہ معتبر قوم پرست سیاست دان ساہیں جی ایم سیّدسندھ کی حقوق کی کے لیے جلسے اور جلوسوں کی صورتوں میں سندھیوں کو متحرک کرنے میں سرگرم تھے لیکن سندھو دیش کے نعرے تب بھی نہیں تھمے جب ساہیں جی ایم سیّد بستر مرگ پہ پڑ کر سندھی، بلوچ اور پشتون قوم پرستوں سے صحت مندی کی دعائیں وصول کر رہے تھے ۔ اور جب وہ اس دنیا سے رخصت ہوئے تو بھی سندھ کی فضاؤں نے اسٹیبلشمنٹ اور پنجاب کے خلاف گرجنا بند نہیں کیا ۔
سائیں جی ایم سیّد چونکہ اپنی زندگی میں سندھ کی قوم پرستانہ سیاست کے مرکزی کردار رہے تھے شاید اسی وجہ سے ان کی وفات کے بعد سندھو دیش کی تحریک میں شامل طلباء اور نوجوان اپنا سیاسی محور عارضی طور پر کھو جانے کے بعد سیاسی انتشاروں کے زد میں آگئے لیکن سندھی قوم پرستوں میں پھیل جانے والا انتشار بھی بلوچستان کے قوم پرستوں میں پیدا ہونے والے انتشار کی طرح ان کے مستقبل کے لیے سبق آموز اور مفید رہا۔
ذاتی طور پر سندھ کی سیاست میرے لیے ہمیشہ حیرت اور تفریح کا باعث رہی ہے ۔ ایک تو سندھ بلوچستان سے سرحدی طور پر جڑے رہنے اور اندرون سندھ بلوچوں کی اکثریت کے باوجود سندھی سیاسی طور پر بلوچوں سے ذرا بھی خوف محسوس نہیں کرتے ۔ تقریباً تیس بلوچ قبیلوں کی اکثریتی آبادی سندھ میں آباد ہے سندھ کی کل زرعی رقبے کا پچاس فیصد سے زیادہ زرعی زمینیں بھی بلوچوں کے پاس ہیں لیکن اس کے باوجود بھی سندھی بلوچوں پر لسانی اور ثقافتی طور پر بلوچوں پر حاوی ہیں ۔ بلکہ اگر یہ کہا جائے کہ سندھ میں آباد بلوچوں کی اکثریتی آبادی لسانی صورت میں سندھیوں میں ضم ہوچکی ہے تو میرے خیال میں زیادہ درست ہوگا۔ اسی طرح کی دوسری مثال عرب ملک اومان ہے جہاں تقریباً آدھی آبادی بلوچوں کی ہے لیکن ان کی بھی اکثریت سیاسی اور لسانی صورت میں اومان کے قومی مفادات کے مطابق عربوں میں ضم ہوچکی ہے ۔
ایک چیز جو میں اکثرسندھ میں دیکھتا ہوں وہ بلوچستان کے حالات کا سندھ پر برائے راست اثر اندازہونا ہے ۔ اگر ہم نواب بگٹی صاحب کی شہادت سے بہت پہلے انیس سو ستر کی دھائی میں بلوچستان میں جاری فوجی آپریشن اور مزاحمتی کاروائیوں کا جائزہ لیں تو بھی ہم سندھیوں کو بلوچوں کے قریب پاتے ہیں ۔
لیکن سندھ اور بلوچستان کی حالات اور سیاست میں بھی بہت فرق پایا جاتا ہے۔ بلوچستان میں تحریک ایک ہی ہے اور بلوچستان میں موجود تمام سیاسی جماعتیں بلوچستان کی حقوق کی باتیں کرتی ہیں ۔ حتیٰ کہ بلوچستان سے تعلق رکھنے والے پاکستان کے قومی سیاسی جماعتوں کے ساتھ ساتھ مذہبی جماعتوں کے رہنما بھی کسی ایک طبقے کی نہیں بلوچستان کی حقوق کی بات کرتے ہیں ۔ یہ بات الگ ہے کہ کچھ کا موقف بلوچستان کی صوبائی خودمختاری تک محدود ہے اور بیشتر بلوچستان کی حق خود ارادیت اور آزادی کی بات کرتے ہیں لیکن مجموعی طور پر سیاست سب کی قوم پرستانہ اور بلوچستان کے حقوق کی بنیاد پر قائم ہے اور اس بات پر سب کی موقف ایک جیسی ہے کہ بلوچستان کے ساتھ وفاق نے زیادتیاں کیں ہیں اور وفاق پنجاب کے زیر اثر ہے ۔
لیکن اس کے برعکس سندھ کی سیاست پر اسٹبلشمنٹ اور جاگیرداروں کا مشترکہ قبضہ ہے جن کی نمائندگی بھٹو خاندان اور پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی کرتی رہی ہے جو سندھ کے قوم پرستوں کے سامنے سب سے بڑی رکاوٹ ہے ۔ اس کے علاوہ سندھ کی سیاست پر متحدہ قومی موومنٹ کا بھی بڑا اثر ہے جو سندھ کو تقسیم کرکے اس کے دو بڑے شہروں کراچی اور حیدرآباد کو ملا کر اپنے لیے ایک نئے صوبے کی قیام کے لیے ایک غیراعلانیہ تحریک کی سرپرستی کر رہی ہے۔ اور جس کا لگام اس غیر فطری تحریک کی تخلیق سے لیکر آج تک فوج کے ہاتھ میں ہے۔ ان کے بعد سندھ کے قوم پرستوں کا نمبر ہے اور قوم پرستوں کے بعد ہاری کسان تحریک ہے ۔ ہاری کسان تحریک کے بعد اے این پی کی شکل میں پشتون قوم پرست ہیں جو سندھ میں آباد پشتونوں کی نمائندگی کرتی ہے ۔ اے این پی کے بعد بلوچ قوم پرست جماعتیں ہیں اور ان کی سیاست کا محور بلوچستان ہے ۔ سندھ میں قوم پرست سیاسی جماعتوں کے مشکلات بہت زیادہ ہیں ۔ لیکن ماضی کی نسبت بہت کم ہیں ۔
گذشتہ چند سالوں سے سندھ میں سرگرم مسلح زیر زمین تنظیم سندھو دیش لبریشن آرمی کی حمایت اور مقبولیت میں بہت کم عرصے میں بہت زیادہ اضافہ ہوا ہے ۔ اس سے یہی اندازہ لگایا جاسکتا ہے کہ مسقتبل قریب میں سندھ کی قومی تحریک اور زیادہ طاقتور صورت اختیار کرے گی۔
گوکہ سندھ امن و سکون کی پیغام دینے والے صوفیوں کی سرزمین ہے لیکن دیکھا یہ گیا ہے کہ ان صوفیوں کا احترام کرنے والے ڈاکو بھی عوام کی نظروں میں کافی عزت رکھتے ہیں ۔ یہاں میں ایک مثال اپنی آنکھوں سے دیکھا ہوا اُس منظر کی دے سکتا ہوں کہ جب بدنام زمانہ ڈاکو محب شہدی نے بذریعہ اخبار اعلان کیا کہ وہ شاہ عبدالطیف بھٹائی کی مزار پر چادر چڑھانے جارہے ہیں تو اس کی اعلان کردہ شیڈول کے مطابق ہم بھی بٹھ شاہ پہنچ گئے ۔ وہ آیا ۔اُس نے مزار پر حاضری دی اور چادر چڑھا کر چلا گیا ۔۔ سب نے آتے ہوئے ویلکم کیا اور جاتے ہوئے خدا حافظ۔ نظروں سے تو پولیس نے بھی ۔۔
سندھ کی سیاست پر مزاروں کا بڑا اثر ہے ۔ اور ہم سب جانتے ہیں کہ اگر سندھو دیش لبریشن آرمی نے گڑھی خدا بخش میں بھٹو خاندان کی مزار وں پر اگر ایک دفعہ بھی چادریں چڑھا دیں تو اس کا آسان الفاظ میں یہی مطلب ہوگا کہ پی پی پی نہ رہا ۔
اسی طرح سندھ کے قوم پرست ایم کیو ایم کا بھی آسانی سے توڑ کر سکتے ہیں ۔ جس طرح وہ سندھ اور بلوچستان کے مشترکہ سیاسی مفادات کے حصول میں یورپ میں بلوچوں کے قریب ہیں اگر انہی مقاصد کے لیے اتنی قربت کراچی جیسے بڑے شہر میں وہ بلوچوں کے ساتھ پیدا کر سکیں۔ اگر وہ ایسا کر سکتے ہیں تو پھر ان کی ریلی ہزاروں کی نہیں لاکھوں کی ہوگی ۔
miro mayar

Advance Apology.

Posted: March 19, 2012 in Balochistan Articles

 Yesterday  President of Pakistan while addressing to National Assemble apologised from Baloch people,another apology,apology for what?don’t know,apology for past crimes which was committed by Pakistan on Baloch or apology in advance for that crimes which will commit in future.

In past when ever any Pakistani President, prime minister or a General commited apology soon after that apology a military operation took place in Balochistan against Baloch people.

There was a long history of apologies and results of these apologies.

I think first apology came from President Ayub Khan,when he apologies to Nawab Noroz Khan Zarakzai. Ayub Khan was said to have agreed to the terms of the surrender through an oath on the Quran. However, when Nowroz Khan came down from the hills, he and about 150 of his followers, including his sons and nephews, were arrested for armed rebellion against the state. On July 15, 1960 five of the leaders were executed by hanging in Hyderabad Jail. Nowroz was spared execution on account of his age, but died inKohlu Jail in 1964.

I think second apology came from zulfiqar Ali Bhutto,but later he dismissed the government of National Awami Party (NAP) and started a military operation in Balochistan in 1970s against Baloch Nationlists and Killed thousands of Baloch.I don’t know is that apology of Bhutto was for past crimes or for that crimes which he later commited.

Later there were few more apologies but don’t have importance.Then came the apology from  General Pervaiz Musharraf.This apology followed by a massive military operation in Balochistan  in 2005.In that operation in 2006 Nawab Akber Khan Bugti and in 2007 Nawabzada Balach marri got Martyred which is still continue and claimed thousands of lives of Baloch.

After General Pervaiz Musharaf,President Asif Ali Zardari apologized from Baloch but this apology proved to be more lethal than ever,before this apology they only abduct Baloch after that they start killing and dumping them which is continue till now.This policy of kill and dump starts with three Baloch Leaders.In April 2009, Baloch National Movement president Ghulam Mohammed Baloch and two other nationalist leaders (Lala Munir and Sher Muhammad), were seized from a small legal office and were allegedly “handcuffed, blindfolded and hustled into a waiting pickup truck which is in still use of intelligence forces in front of their lawyer and neighboring shopkeepers.”The gunmen were allegedly speaking in Persian (a national language of neighboring Afghanistan and Iran) Five days later on April 8 their bodies, “riddled with bullets” were found in a commercial area(wikipedia) and later hundreds of Baloch youth killed and dumped on similar pattern by  Pakistani agencies and this policy is still continue.

I still unable to find that why rulers of Pakistan apologize from Baloch.Is they apologize for past crimes or apologize for those crime which they will commit in future?

But from experiences of past Baloch think that every apology is not for past crimes committed on Baloch  but apology in advance for future crimes which will be conducted.

Now latest apology of President Zardari ,don’t know what will be its result but it  will be not good for Baloch.

By   Azad Baluch

A brief history of Pakistani oppression against Baloch people

by Caroline Kend on Sunday, March 27, 2011 at 10:23pm

 The People of Balochistan struggle for right of self-determination has its genesis in history and culture. Strongly believer of independent, the people of Balochistan have never accepted hegemony and domination of Pakistani establishment in any stage in 55 years history of Pakistan.

We Baloch never accepted alien domination of Punjabi supremacy. We have been engaged in a constant struggle for self governance since last 55 years which resulted in sever military operation by Pakistani Army in Balochistan and forced migration and displacement of thousands of Baloch’s to Afghanistan and other parts of the world.

Let me tell you the brief history of Pakistani oppression against Baloch people and our struggle against the tyrants.

This history begins when Balochistan was forcefully annexed to Pakistan though at that time Balochistan had its own Parliamentary system. It had its own House of Commons and House of Lords. Both the houses unanimously voted not to join Pakistan.

When Pakistan government couldn’t get the approval from the Baloch people’s representatives, they made an example in history by passing a resolution from Quetta Municipality majority (elected by settlers) to vote in favour of Balochistan’s annexation to Pakistan.

Physically it was not possible for Pakistan government to announce the annexation of Balochistan and make Balochistan a part of Pakistan just by the approval of Quetta Municipality. Another move Pakistan made was to break Kalat State in to four parts.

To exercise this plane Pakistan government deployed its naval forces on the coastline of Makaran (which was a part of Kalat State) and declared it as separate state, by appointing Nawab Bhai Khan as ruler of Makaran State, for declaring exaction to Pakistan. After the successful annexation of Makaran, Pakistan Government forced two other parts of Kalat, (Kharan and Lasbela) to join Pakistan as separate states. Ultimately Pakistan Army was sent to Kalat to suppress and kill those who opposed annexation of Balochistan to Pakistan.

In 1956 Governor General Sakinder Mirza dissolved all the states of Balochistan and declared them the part of West Pakistan as one unit.West Pakistan Assembly passed the resolution Against One Unit.

In 1958 President of Pakistan Sikandar Mirza, encouraged Khan of Kalat to demand restoration of Kalat State. When Khan of Kalat did it Sikandar Mirza declared Khan as traitor of Pakistan. On 8th of October 1958 Sikandar Mirza sent Pakistan troops to arrest Khan of Kalat with rest of family, suppressed the supporter and declared martial law in the hole of the country and Khan of Kalat was sent to Jail in Punjab. People started defying the Government for not implementing the anti one unit resolution and restoring back the status quo.

On 18th of December 1958 Army operation started in Jhalawan in Balochistan, many political activist and civilians were murdered by army. The operation continued for more then 2 years.

Nouroz Khan with his sons and comrades took to hills and were fighting against the army. He was ultimately tricked under oath of Quran for the demands being excepted and made to lay down his arms. But when he descended from mountains he along with all his comrades were arrested and thrown into the notorious army operated torture camp called Kooli Camp. The atrocities and inhuman treatment was matted out to the inmates of that camp for 2 years.

Many of the inmates were tried in the military courts and sent to the gallows or transportation for life.

In 1962, general elections were held under Ayubs new constitution. In Balochistan there were only two national assembly seats, which were won by Nawab Khair Baksh Marri and Sardar Attaullah Mengal.

In the first session of the national assembly Sardar Attaullah Mengal in his speech belied Ayub Khans claim that the Marshal law was blood less which he was boosting upon he also gave details of the inhuman treatment matted out during the martial law to the people of Balochistan. Nawab Khair Baksh Marri in his speech, during that session rubbed more salt on Ayub Khans wounds.

This was enough for a military dictators bull as a red rag and the result was immediately after the session government started arresting political workers and throwing them behind bars. Among them were Sardar Attaullah Mengal, Mir Ghus Bux Bizanjo and Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti. In November 1962 Mr Mengal was released on bail by the high court when the assembly was in session he went and made another speech against the undemocratic attitude of the Government and was reasserted and sent to jail.

Because of the high handedness of the government people of Balochistan reacted sharply, to which Government sent the army into the interior of Balochistan to teach the people of Balochistan a lesson. Thus another army operation took place which included Ariel bombardment as well. Innumerable people including women and children were killed and hundreds were arrested and thrown behind the bars some of whom died in jail. The Government having failed to suppress the uprising of the people ultimately released all those in jail unilaterally in 1967.

Ayub Khan was removed from power and Yahya Khan took over Yahya Khan dissolve one unit and restored the provinces including Balochistan, he held elections in 1970 where NAP National Awami Party returned in majority in the Balochistan assembly and single majority party in NWFP.

By that time the blood thirsty Generals gave a bloody parting kick to east Pakistan and remaining minority of west Pakistan was declared as Pakistan with Bhutto in power. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was unveiling to hand over power to the elected representatives of NAP in Balochistan and NWFP.He did realise the sensitiveness of the satiation and the army being busy on the Indian border, was left with no other alternative but to hand over the power to NAP in both the provinces.

The federal Government started hatching conspiracies against the provincial governments in order to destabilise them. And when the army was relived from the Indian borders Mr Bhutto didn’t wait long and ordered the army to move in to the interior of Balochistan and then dismissed the Governments both in NWFP and Balochistan. All the leaders political workers were put behind bars against whom the charge was framed after 3 years, ban was put on NAP.

People were butchered to the extent that Children were killed and their bodies were not allowed to be buried and hungry dogs were left to feast on them. This was done by the same patriotic army who refused to learn any lesson from East Pakistan departure. Alive people were thrown down from choppers on their villages to set example as a mark of love for the people of Balochistan. Thousands of people were killed in those army operations, which continued for 5 years.

Thousands were rendered homeless with their livestock taken away by the starving army Jawans as booty. Thousands other were forced to flee to Afghanistan which they had to stay more then a decade in destitute. And when they returned home they were starving not with a penny left in their pockets and most of them were suffering from tuberculoses because of under nourishment.

Not one person among those who returned was rehabilitated by the Government of Pakistan, on the contrary they are being hunted upon even to this day by the Government of Pakistan who so ever was in power. 14.8.02 Speech by: Balach Marri

Chandrashekhar Azad Biography

Posted: March 17, 2012 in news
Born: July 23,1906
Martyrdom: February 27, 1931
Achievements: Involved in Kakori Train Robbery (1926), the attempt to blow up the Viceroy’s train (1926), and the shooting of Saunders at Lahore (1928) to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpatrai; formed Hindustan Socialist Republican Association with fellow compatriots Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru.

Chandrashekhar Azad was a great Indian freedom fighter. His fierce patriotism and courage inspired others of his generation to enter freedom struggle. Chandrasekhar Azad was the mentor Bhagat Singh, another great freedom fighter, and along with Bhagat Singh he is considered as one of the greatest revolutionaries that India has produced.

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born on July 23,1906 in Badarka village of Unnao district in Uttar Pradesh. His parents were Pandit Sitaram Tiwari and Jagarani Devi.Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was serving in erstwhile estate of Alirajpur (situated in present day Madhya Pradesh) and Chandra Shekhar Azad’s childhood was spent in the village Bhabra . On the insistence of her mother Jagrani Devi, Chandra Shekhar Azad went to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Benaras for studying Sanskrit.

Chandrashekhar Azad was deeply troubled by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in Amritsar in 1919. In 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi launched Non-Cooperation movement, Chandrasekhar Azad actively participated in revolutionary activities. He received his first punishment at the age of fifteen. Chandra Shekhar was caught while indulging in revolutionary activities. When the magistrate asked him his name, he said “Azad” (meaning free). Chandrashekhar Azad was sentenced to fifteen lashes. With each stroke of the whip the young Chandrasekhar shouted “Bart Mata Kid Jai”. From then on Chandrashekhar assumed the title of Azad and came to known as Chandrashekhar Azad. Chandrashekhar Azad vowed that he would never be arrested by the British police and would die as free man.

After the suspension of non-cooperation movement Chandrashekhar Azad was attracted towards more aggressive and revolutionary ideals. He committed himself to complete independence by any means. Chandrashekhar Azad and his compatriots would target British officials known for their oppressive actions against ordinary people and freedom fighters. Chandrashekhar Azad was involved in Kakori Train Robbery (1926), the attempt to blow up the Viceroy’s train (1926), and the shooting of Saunders at Lahore (1928) to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpatrai.

Along with Bhagat Singh and other compatriots like Sukhdev and Rajguru, Chandrashekhar Azad formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HRSA). HRSA was committed to complete Indian independence and socialist principles for India’s future progress.

Chandrashekhar Azad was a terror for British police. He was on their hit list and the British police badly wanted to capture him dead or alive. On February 27, 1931 Chandrashekhar Azad met two of his comrades at the Alfred Park Allah bad. He was betrayed by an informer who had informed the British police. The police surrounded the park and ordered Chandrashekhar Azad to surrender. Chandrashekhar Azad fought alone valiantly and killed three policemen. But finding himself surrounded and seeing no route for escape, Chandrashekhar Azad shot himself. Thus he kept his pledge of not being caught alive.

 — with Honey Singh Lucknow.